What Is Home Inspections?

What Is Home Inspections?

The purpose of home inspections is to shield prospective homeowners from monetary crises as well as potential bodily harm.

During an inspection, an expert looks over the entire house and provides findings and suggestions.

Buyers have the option of asking the sellers to lower the asking price or repair any issues that were found prior to the closing date. What you need to know about house inspections is provided here.

What is a Home Inspection?

An expert assessment of a property's whole physical structure, from the foundation to the roof, is called a house inspection.

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Its goal is to find anything that needs to be replaced or repaired so that both your mortgage lender and you, as the potential buyer, are aware of problems that can lower the value of the house.

Usually, you should schedule an inspection as soon as your offer is accepted or even before the building designs are finalized. You have more time to address issues if you find them early.

What Are the Home Inspection Standards?

Here are the home inspection standards listed below. Of course, each standard includes many more items which are not included here.

  • Roof: The inspector will examine the roof covering materials, gutters, downspouts, and other components from the ground or the eaves.
  • External: A representative number of windows, the eaves, soffits, and fascia, as well as the external wall-covering materials, will all be inspected by the inspector.
  • Crawlspace, Basement, Foundation, and Structure: The inspector will examine the crawlspace, basement, foundation, and other areas.
  • Heating: Using standard operational controls, the inspector will examine the heating system's thermostat placement, energy supply, and other components.
  • Cooling: Using standard operational controls, the inspector will examine the cooling system's position of the thermostat, its manner of operation, and other aspects.
  • Plumbing: The inspector will check the main fuel and water supply shut-off valves, the water heating apparatus, including the energy source and venting connections, and other components.
  • Electrical: The service drop, overhead service wires, attachment point, service head, gooseneck, and drip loops are all subject to inspection by the inspector.
  • Fireplace: The inspector will check the easily accessible and visible areas of the chimneys and fireplaces, the lintels above the fireplace openings, the easily accessible and manually operated damper doors, etc.
  • Insulation, ventilation, and attic inspection: The inspector will check the following, insulation in unfinished spaces, such as crawlspaces, attics, and foundation areas, ventilation in these places; and so on.
  • Doors, Windows, and Interior: The examiner will examine a sample of doors and windows by opening and shutting them, as well as floors, walls, and ceilings, as well as stairs, landings, stairways, and ramps.

Different Types of Home Inspections

Your home inspector could recommend some of these further checks based on their findings.

They could also advise having any problems assessed by an experienced tradesman (having an electrician look at damaged wiring, for example).

  • Testing for radon: Radon is a colorless, odorless gas that is produced when radioactive elements in the Earth gradually break down.
  • A wood-destroying organism (WDO) examination, often known as a termite inspection, guarantees that the prospective occupants of your house are not already six-legged.
  • Mold inspection: When it comes to mold testing, the EPA basically advises that if you find mold, you probably have mold and may need to proceed immediately with cleanup.
  • Inspection of the foundation: A home inspector will examine the foundation of the building and record any possible concerns, such as surrounding tree roots, drainage difficulties, cracks, or other movement indicators.

For more information about different types of home inspections, click here.

Home Inspection vs. Home Appraisal

Although both services include evaluating the property, they have distinct goals and provide different advantages to potential homeowners.

Inspections provide information about a home's condition, whereas appraisals provide information about a home's worth.

What Does a Home Inspector Do?

The home's structural integrity, as well as the functionality of the plumbing, electrical, water, and sewage systems, heating and air conditioning systems, and plumbing, are all inspected by the inspector.

The property's general state is evaluated for damages, safety and fire hazards, and other factors that may impact the property's worth.

Interior Inspection Checklist

The inspector should check these items in the interior inspection:

  • Major appliances
  • Garage doors
  • Steps
  • Stairways
  • Railings
  • Walls
  • Ceilings
  • Flooring
  • A representative number of installed windows
  • Doors
  • Cupboards

Floor coverings, wall finishes, window treatments, and the functional aspects of the evaluated appliances are not included in the interior examination.

Exterior Inspection Checklist

The information that the inspector will go at during the inspection is on the exterior house inspection checklist.

This is what an external property inspection checklist usually includes.

  • The basement, brickwork, floor framing system, and under-floor ventilation are examples of the foundation and subfloor spaces.
  • Landscape, yard, and vegetation
  • Drainage, which includes downspouts and gutters
  • Garages, pathways, sidewalks, and driveways.
  • Railings, steps, patios, porches, balconies, and decks.
  • Rooftop, including chimneys and roof coverings
  • Paint, caulking, trim, wall, and siding

Systems Inspection Checklist

A house system inspection checklist includes:

  • The roof
  • HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) system
  • Plumbing
  • Electrical systems
  • Foundation

Home Inspections for Buyers

A vital phase in the home-buying process for purchasers is the house inspection. It entails employing a qualified inspector to evaluate the property's state and spot any possible problems or flaws.

The inspection report can assist purchasers in making well-informed decisions about whether to move forward with the purchase, bargain with the seller for repairs or credits, or back out of the agreement.

Home Inspections for Sellers

In order to prevent needless blemishes on the report, it is imperative that you, as the seller, get ready for the inspection.

Prior to your house inspection, make sure you check the following items:

  • Obtain the invoices for any regular servicing or maintenance you've had performed on your house or its parts. Ensure they are arranged and prepared for inspection by purchasers and inspectors. For instance, having the chimney cleaned, the furnace maintained, the HVAC filters replaced, the water heater serviced, etc.
  • Trash should be removed from areas such as the crawl space, garage, attic, and basement. It will be necessary for inspectors to enter to look for damage or dampness. It might take longer if they label it as "uninspectable" if they are unable to access it.
  • Ensure that the water heater, furnace, and electrical panel are all within the inspector's reach.
  • Pets should be kept inside while the inspector is around.
  • Verify that the lightbulbs are operational and not burned out.
  • In order to check for obstructions, run water in each sink and bathtub.
  • In HVAC systems, change the filters. The home's air quality is compromised by dirty air filters, which will cause the inspector to take notice.
  • On the outside, slope the earth away from the foundation.
  • Fix any shattered screens or windows.
  • Be proactive and use insecticide or hire a pest control company to get rid of any pests, notably termites and carpenter ants. An inspector will notice any indication of an infestation.
  • To avoid trash and jams, cap off unused gas lines, chimneys, and flues.
  • Trees that are near or touching the roof should be trimmed.
  • To keep leaks from occurring on the roof, replace any missing shingles.
  • If the utilities have been shut off or disconnected and the house is unoccupied, reconnect or turn them on.

How to Choose a Home Inspector?

Below we have mentioned different solutions for choosing the best home inspector:

Watch Out for Referrals from Real Estate Agents

You may be offered the names of a few house inspectors by your real estate agent. Whether he means well or not, there is a conflict of interest with the referrals.

Find Reputable and Eligible Candidates

Ask friends who have recently bought a house if they have any recommendations for a reliable inspection.

Local online forums like NextDoor or Patch, where members occasionally share their experiences, are another good source for referrals.

Respect Credentials, but Understand Their Limitations

A qualified inspector from a professional association might offer you some further reassurance regarding the inspector's expertise.

For example, passing the National Home Inspector Examination in person and proving they have completed at least 250 paid home inspections are prerequisites for ASHI certification.

Compare Reports on Home Inspections

Asking for a sample copy of an inspection that the inspector has completed on a house similar to the one you are contemplating purchasing will give you the greatest idea of how thorough he will be and how well he will explain the faults he discovers. The amount of work they will complete will be demonstrated in the sample report.

Think About Education and Experience

Look for someone who has at least a few years of experience in the field of house inspections in addition to professional credentials. He is more likely to have experience with a wide range of house kinds and problems.

home inspection in Canada

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If he performs four checks per week for five years, that's more than 1,000 inspections.

Find Out What You Get for the Money

Without certain qualifications, inspectors usually charge between $300 and $1,000, depending on the size and location of the home, the expertise of the inspector, and the extent of the examination.

Certain inspectors provide complimentary services that are not included in the normal inspection package, such as employing a drone to scan the roof or installing an infrared camera to detect temperature variations on walls, ceilings, and floors that may indicate the existence of harmful moisture.

Others will levy additional fees for such services. Others will still direct you to a third-party specialist to handle the task.

What Comes Next Following a Home Inspection

Following the house inspection, there may be a lot of back and forth between the buyer and the seller. Here are the next stages and what to expect following a house inspection.

Acquire and Examine the Inspection Report

Between the time of the actual house inspection and receiving the report, all you can do is wait. However, as soon as you obtain the inspection report, the actual work begins.

Choose Which Repairs to Make

You have to make some important decisions after talking with your realtor and the house inspector about the home inspection report.

Think about if the repairs are so little that you are willing to purchase the house, or whether they are too big to move forward with the agreement.

Choose the Price

Using the repair addendum form, you may also ask for a reduction in the house's price depending on the necessary repairs. You may ask for a decrease with no repairs, a decrease with some fixes, or even the option to end the agreement.

Get a Home Appraisal Online

An assessment of real estate differs greatly from a house inspection. If you are satisfied with the outcome of the discussions and the report from the house inspection, it's time to order your evaluation.

The real estate appraisal is used by your lender to determine the current market value of the house.

Additionally, depending on your credit and the kind of loan you're asking for, it will help the lender determine how much of a down payment you'll need at closing.

If the loan-to-value ratios match and the home appraises for the agreed-upon purchase price, your lender will begin arranging for the closing of your property.

Get ready for the last day

As the day of your new home's closing approaches, there are a few more activities that the lender has to do.

These consist of the title search, house insurance, and the last credit check. Every now and again, you might need a property survey.

Prior to your closing, the title firm will conduct a title search. In order to verify who owns the property and make sure there are no liens or other mortgages against it, a title search looks up public records.

Home Inspection in Different Countries

National laws and procedures pertaining to home inspections differ. Before a sale, trained home inspectors in the US usually do home inspections to assess a property's condition.

exterior home inspection

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The foundation, roof, plumbing, electrical systems, and other sections are all inspected.

House surveys are more popular than standard house inspections in the United Kingdom. These surveys offer a thorough report on the property's state and any possible problems that might need to be fixed.

Building inspectors are usually the ones who do house inspections in Australia, where they are also rather frequent.

Similar to those conducted in the US and Canada, these inspections make sure that the property is in excellent enough shape for prospective purchasers.

Home Inspection in Canada

Home inspections are very popular in Canada, where they are usually performed by licensed home inspectors.

Like in the US, the inspection procedure covers a range of features of the property to guarantee an accurate assessment of its condition.


What is the purpose of house inspection?

An evaluation of a property's quality and safety before it is sold is called a home inspection. The home's structural integrity, as well as the functionality of the plumbing, electrical, water, and sewage systems, heating and air conditioning systems, and plumbing, are all inspected by the inspector.

What are 5 very important things that are inspected in a home inspection?

The 5 most important things that are inspected in a home inspection are plumbing, roof, attic, windows, and doors.

Who pays for home inspection in Canada?

The purchaser. Until an agreement is reached with the seller, the buyer is usually in charge of paying for a house inspection.

How much is a home inspection in Canada?

Depending on the house's age, location, and size, the cost of an inspection might range from $300 to $500.

What does a home inspection include in Ontario?

A home inspector in Ontario will assess everything: the windows, doors, basement, kitchen, driveway, roof, electrical, plumbing, heating, ventilation, and more.


The home inspection is one of the most important steps in purchasing a new house so that you can make a wise choice knowing the all invisible flaws of the house.

In this article, we mentioned and described all of the important tips you need to know about home inspection.

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